Network Programming - Windows, Unix and Socket
What Is a Socket?
A socket is a software construction representing a single connection between two network applications. Network programmers typically use socket libraries like Berkeley Sockets or Winsock rather than coding directly to lower level socket APIs.
API - Application Programming Interface
Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) provide controlled access to software libraries and modules. Networking APIs like WinSock are entry points to libraries that implement network communication protocols.
Introduction to Socket Programming
Sockets allow application software to communicate over networks using standard mechanisms built into hardware and operating systems.
Ports and Port Numbers
A port number represents an endpoint or "channel" for network communications. Port numbers allow different applications on the same computer to utilize network resources without interfering with each other.
WinSock is the standard sockets programming API for the Windows operating system.
RPC - Remote Procedure Call
RPC is a network programming model for point-to-point communication within or between software applications. In RPC, the sender makes a request in the form of a procedure, function, or method call.
XML-RPC is a network programming technique that uses XML to make procedure calls to software running on remote devices.
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